Product Specification:

live swine ready to be slaughtered (male or female, from 80 to 120 kilos); price paid to farmer; only closed trades are considered (nominal values are not considered);

Unity of measurement/currency: live kilo in Real;
Discount rate:  Values for term payments are converted into cash payment by the CDI rate;
Delivery:  The Indexes from Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Paraná consider the animal on the farm (from independent growers); the Indexes from São Paulo and Minas Gerais consider the animal delivered at slaughterhouses (freight included) by independent growers;

Reference regions: 

Rio Grande do Sul: Erechim, Santa Rosa, Serra Gaúcha and Vale do Taquari;

Santa Catarina: Braço do Norte and Western Santa Catarina;

Paraná: Arapoti, southwest and north of Paraná.

Indexes from the southeastern region: regions of greater consumption (main destinations)

São Paulo: Avaré, São José do Rio Preto and SP-5 (Bragança Paulista, Campinas, Piracicaba, São Paulo and Sorocaba);

Minas Gerais: Belo Horizonte, Ponte Nova, Patos de Minas and southern Minas Gerais.

Weighting: The weight of each region in the composition of the state Index is based on the herd in the cities that are part of the sample in the day. As a result, the weighting may change on a daily basis, depending on the information of the sample. Data about the herd come from the Municipal Livestock Research (Pesquisa Pecuária Municipal) from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE);
Frequency:  The survey is daily, but the Indexes reflect the moving average of the last five working days. Monthly Indexes represent the simple average of daily indexes;
Agents surveyed for the research

slaughterhouses, swine growers, cooperatives and stockbrokers;


From August 1 2019, the CEPEA/ESALQ Indexes for live pig will be based on the prices received by independent pig growers. Thus, in Santa Catarina, Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul, the quotes received by integrated farmers will no longer be included in the Index calculations. Besides, term prices will be changed into cash prices based on the CDI rate (until late July 2019, the discount rate used will be the NPR). Concerning the Indexes weight, in the methodology to be adopted from August 1 2019, each region’s weight in the calculation of the states averages will be variable, according to the pig herd of the sample cities on each day (until late July 2019, the weight is fixed and based on the herd of all the cities that form each one of the regions). It is important to mention that the information on the pig herd of each city are from IBGE’s Livestock Research. 

Other surveys:  Cepea also surveys prices of common and special pork carcasses, piglets and pork cuts. 


Source: Cepea




Geraldo Sant’Ana de Camargo Barros, Ph.D
Full professor of the Department of Economics, Management and Sociology


Chief Researcher
Sergio De Zen, Ph.D (on leave)
Professor of the Department of Economics, Management and Sociology



Thiago Bernardino de Carvalho, Ph.D


Executive Manager

Regina Mazzini Rodrigues, Ms.


Market Analyst
Juliana Ferraz 


Research Assistants

Matheus do Vale Liasch
Luiz Gustavo Susumu Tutui
Luiz Henrique Alves de Melo
Marcia Verweij
Ernesto Vaughn Ramello